Analisis Kemampuan Pengajuan Soal Calon Guru Sekolah Dasar Ditinjau dari Tingkat Disposisi Matematis

Main Article Content

Fulgensius Efrem Men Kanisius Mandur http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8924-8664 Silfanus Jelatu http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7926-3759

Abstract

Problem-posing ability is the ability to make and solve math problems. This research is qualitative research that aims to describe the ability to submit questions about prospective elementary school teachers concerning mathematical disposition. The subject of this research is the students of prospective school level teachers in the 6th semester, amounting to 3 people. The results of this study are (1) prospective primary school teachers with a high mathematical disposition can submit questions based on the information given related to addition and subtraction of ordinary and mixed fractions, the problem presented are in accordance material with moderate difficulty level, able to solve the problems posed with using a good language structure, (2) prospective primary school teacher with a moderate mathematical disposition level can form a story question based on additional information and subtraction of ordinary fractions, the questions submitted are in accordance material with a relatively low difficulty level and using a good language structure. However, unable to solve the problems raised, and (3) prospective primary school teachers with a low mathematical disposition level are not able to ask questions based on the two information provided. The prospective teacher has difficulty making a story question. These conditions have an impact on not fulfilling several other criteria, among others, conformity with the material, answers to the problems raised, language structure and the difficulty level of the question. The results of the study provide recommendations for policymakers on campus to help prospective students of elementary school teachers to develop problem-posing ability according to the level of mathematical disposition.

Article Details

Section
Articles

References

Akay, H., & Boz, N. (2010). The effect of problem posing oriented analyses-II course on the attitudes toward mathematics and mathematics self-efficacy of elementary prospective mathematics teachers. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 35(1), 6.

Atmojo, D. (2013). Pengaruh Pembelajaran dengan Metode Problem Posing Berbantuan Multimedia terhadap Kemampuan Spatial Sense dan Disposisi Matematis Siswa Kelas X SMK di Kota Bogor: Disertasi: Universitas Terbuka.

Barlow, A. T., & Cates, J. M. (2006). The impact of problem posing on elementary teachers' beliefs about mathematics and mathematics teaching. School Science and Mathematics, 106(2), 64-73.

Jelatu, S., Mandur, K., Jundu, R., & Kurniawan, Y. (2018). Relasi antara visualisasi spasial dan orientasi spasial terhadap pemahaman konsep geometri ruang. Journal of Songke Math, 1(1), 47-59.

Kar, T., & Isik, C. (2014). Analysis of problems posed by pre-service primary teachers about adding fractions in terms of semantic structures. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 9(2), 135-146.

Men, E.,F. (2017). “Proses berpikir kritis siswa SMA dalam pengajuan soal matematika berdasarkan tingkat kemampuan matematika”. Jurnal pendidikan dan kebudayaan MISSIO. Vol. 9, No. 1.

Miles, B., & Huberman, M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis. United States of America: SAGE Publications.

Nendi, F., Mandur, K., & Makur, A. P. (2018). Pengembangan Instrumen Penilaian Kemampuan Koneksi Matematis Dalam Konsep-Konsep Matematika SMP. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Missio, 9(2), 165-173.

Pantaleon, K. V., Juniati, D., Lukito, A., & Mandur, K. (2018, January). The written mathematical communication profile of prospective math teacher in mathematical proving. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 947, No. 1, p. 012070). IOP Publishing.

Silver, E. A., & Cai, J. (1996). An analysis of arithmetic problem posing by middle school students. Journal for research in mathematics education, 521-539.

Siswono, T. Y. E. (2008). Model pembelajaran matematika berbasis pengajuan dan pemecahan masalah untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kreatif. Surabaya: Unesa university press.

Stoyanova, E., & Ellerton, N. F. (1996). A framework for research into students’ problem posing in school mathematics. Technology in mathematics education, 518-525.